To make the thick wood shaving I use a heavy cut on my hand plane. I also put something heavy on the chair after gluing to make sure the legs are balanced. This reduces the chance of having the legs uneven which will cause more work to trim the legs after the glue dries. The glue is the only thing that holds everything together and because of that you need to make sure the glue is spread evenly on all sides of the tenon and the mortise.
Where appearance is more important, drill a 1/16-inch hole through the side of the joint and the loose part. Then make a metal pin from a 10d common or finishing nail. Apply a drop or two of glue to the drilled hole, and drive in the nail. Countersink the pin with a nail set or another 10d nail, and fill the hole with wood filler. You may not be able to disassemble the piece of furniture for this wedging procedure.
Loose legs, rungs, and spindles can sometimes become loose on wooden chairs that are used excessively. Apply a light coating of yellow carpenter’s glue to the seat and leg joints. If you miss a nail, you’ll probably split a rung when you knock the chair apart. Pull the nail with a locking pliers and then finish disassembling the chair.
He or she may sit, stand, twist, or shift on the chair, putting its joints and parts through strenuous cycles. Compare that with cabinets, chests, and dressers. This furniture is overbuilt relative to the weight it holds. A chest or dresser can easily weigh 50 to 100 pounds yet hold less than 30 pounds of clothing. Aside from sliding drawers, most of the time the load is stationary. You can see why chair joints fail, sometimes catastrophically.
Unfortunately, the caning was damaged, or completely missing, in both of them, which meant I needed to find a new solution for the seat. I can often pick them up for super cheap – almost always less than $5 per chair. You will want to http://unswed1949.simplesite.com/450233360 repair them all at the same time. I found a pair of chairs at a yard sale for $5. The patina on these chairs was absolutely amazing! Keeping the natural wood finish, I just cleaned them up and changed the upholstery on the seats.
It is the original type of glue used for making chairs over the centuries. Where strength is important, the broken part must be reinforced. The best reinforcement is a dowel pinning the broken pieces together.